美国坐飞机需要什么?护照、驾照还是ID?

2015年美国部分州乘坐飞机不再接受“驾照”、“ID”,需出示合法护照,具体说明如下:

Driver’s licenses from New York, Louisiana, Minnesota, American Samoa, and New Hampshire will no longer be enough to get on a domestic commercial flight.
Starting in 2016, travelers from five U.S. states will not be able to use their driver’s licenses as ID to board domestic flights—a pretty major development considering an estimated 38 percent of Americans don’t have passports.

The standard licenses from New York, Louisiana, Minnesota, New Hampshire, and American Samoa are considered “noncompliant” with the security standards outlined in the Real ID Act, which was enacted back in 2005 but is being implemented in stages. Why are these specific licenses deemed sub-par? Security officials aren’t telling. The spokesperson at the Department of Homeland Security declined to comment, as did the spokesperson at the U.S. Customs and Border Protection.

The new rules will go into effect sometime in 2016 (the exact date has not been announced), and there will be a three-month forgiveness period, during which people with these licenses will be warned that their IDs are no longer valid for flights.

Here’s the breakdown: if you're from one of these states, “acceptable” IDs include passports and passport cards, as well as permanent resident cards, U.S. military ID, and DHS trusted traveler cards such a Global Entry and NEXUS.

The TSA will also accept Enhanced Driver’s Licenses, the kind that are currently used to replace passports for travel to and from Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Of the noncompliant states, only New York and Minnesota issue enhanced licenses.

For families from these states, at least children under 18 years old do not need ID when traveling with a companion.

翻译:

从纽约驾照、路易斯安那州、明尼苏达州、美属萨摩亚,新罕布什尔州将不再足以让国内商业飞行。

从2016年开始,来自美国的五个州的旅行者将无法使用他们的驾照ID董事会国内机票非常重大的发展考虑估计有38%的美国人没有护照。

从纽约标准的许可证,路易斯安那州、明尼苏达州、新罕布什尔州、和美属萨摩亚被认为是“违规”,《真实身份法案》两部法案中概述的安全标准在2005年颁布,但正在实施阶段。为什么这些被认为低于平均水平的特定许可?安全官员没有告诉。国土安全部的发言人拒绝置评,也在美国海关和边境保护局发言人。

新规将在2016年生效(具体日期尚未公布),并将有一个为期三个月的宽恕时期,在此期间这些许可证的人将被警告说,他们的id是航班不再有效。

崩溃的是:如果你从这些国家之一,“可接受”证件包括护照和护照卡,以及永久居民卡,美国军方ID和国土安全部信任旅行卡这样一个全球条目和关系。

TSA还将接受增强驾驶执照,目前用于替换的护照前往和来自加拿大、墨西哥和加勒比海。在违规国家中,只有纽约和明尼苏达州增强的许可证问题。

从这些国家对家庭,至少18岁以下的儿童不需要ID结伴旅行时。

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